The inconvenient truth about batteries | TSXV:AMY


Sunday, April 7, 2019 8:30am
By Don Brunell

Each year Americans throw away more than three billion batteries constituting 180,000 tons of hazardous material and the situation is likely to get much worse as the world shifts to electric vehicles.

Everyday-green.com reports more than 86,000 tons of single-use alkaline batteries (AAA, AA, C and D) are thrown away. They power electronic toys and games, portable audio equipment and flashlights and make up 20 percent of the household hazardous materials in our garbage dumps.

Unlike composted waste, batteries are hazardous and contaminate our environment, particularly our drinking water. Even though the harmful materials are tightly encased, the casing is often crushed during landfilling. The spent batteries contain toxic acids and metals such as mercury, nickel, cadmium, cobalt and lead.

While it is convenient to just chuck used batteries into the trash, the more expensive rechargeable types can be used up to a thousand times more than the single-use types, but recharging is inconvenient, time-consuming and robs counter space.

Today, America is a throw-away country bent on simple, convenient solutions. Even where there are recycling programs, too many recyclables end up in the trash. Things are about to change dramatically as more electric vehicles populate our roads and our government and manufacturers deal with the growing backlog of old car batteries.

The Guardian reported the number of electric cars worldwide surpassed two million in 2017. The International Energy Agency estimates there will be 140 million electrics globally by 2030 leaving behind 11 million tons of spent lithium-ion batteries in need of recycling. That is a herculean task considering last year only five percent of the European Union’s electric car batteries were recycled.

The good news is automakers are actively looking for ways to extend the life of lithium batteries. Reprocessing spent batteries is getting more attention as manufacturers increase demand for metals, particularly cobalt, which are already in short supply.

One approach is converting car batteries for household use. The Guardian reports Aceleron, a hi-tech British startup, plans to take electric car batteries which still have 70 percent of their capacity and repackaging them for growing home energy storage.

American Manganese, Incorporated, a Surrey, B.C. company, has patented a process which recovers lithium, cobalt, nickel, manganese and aluminum from cathodes used in lithium-ion batteries. AMY, which has a pilot plant in operation near Vancouver, B.C., is partnering with the United States Department of Energy to bring the process into commercial production.

AMY trades on the TSX Venture Exchange.

AMY uses a leaching and precipitation method to recover the metals. Currently, the cathodes are smelted and only a portion of the cobalt is salvaged, but virtually no lithium.

The new technology is of particular interest to our nation which imports three-fourths of its cobalt, half of its lithium and all of its manganese.

To be competitive, American lithium battery makers need to have reliable supplies of critical metals and be cost competitive worldwide.

China, which plans to put six million electric cars on the roads by 2025, has recently slowed its electric production; however, China still has plenty of willing investors. Last year VW, Daimler, Toyota, Ford, the Renault-Nissan alliance and GM all announced joint-ventures to produce electric vehicles in China.

One reason is China has been stockpiling critical metals and its buying spree has been partly responsible for the 2017 surge in the price of cobalt which was 2.5 times greater than 2016.

Our opportunity is finding new environmentally and economically feasible ways to reprocess all spent batteries and prevent them from being trucked off to landfills. Enterprising Americans will find ways to make recycling more convenient in our homes and at work if it is possible to make it profitable.

Don Brunell is a business analyst, writer and columnist. He can be contacted at theBrunells@msn.com.

American Manganese continues processing cathode scraps

Extraction Results Meet Company’s High Expectations

CEO: “EV and Battery Manufacturers… Already Conducting Due Diligence on [AMY] Process”

Larry W. Reaugh, President and Chief Executive Officer of American Manganese Inc. (“American Manganese” or “AMY” or the “Company”), is pleased to report that additional NCA and NMC cathode scraps have been processed successfully through Stage 1 and Stage 2 of the Company’s pilot plant project. Using the Company’s patent-approved process, the scraps underwent separation and leach operations yielding a pregnant leach solution (PLS) containing cathode metals (cobalt, lithium, nickel and manganese) in quantities which meet the Company’s high expectations. More than 500L of PLS have now been collected for further testing and prepared for the remaining three stages of the pilot plant project.

“The pilot plant testing procedure is done in a manner that helps collect valuable operational data that will help us optimize the pilot plant for testing at a continuous rate once all stages are complete,” said Mr. Reaugh. “While the pilot plant testing is expected to be complete by end of May 2019, EV and battery manufacturers are already conducting due diligence on our process.”

 

 

 

About Kemetco Research Inc.
Kemetco Research is a private sector integrated science, technology and innovation company. Their Contract Sciences operation provides laboratory analysis and testing, field work, bench scale studies, pilot plant investigations, consulting services, applied research and development for both industry and government. Their clients range from start-up companies developing new technologies through to large multinational corporations with proven processes.

Kemetco provides scientific expertise in the fields of Specialty Analytical Chemistry, Chemical Process and Extractive Metallurgy. Because Kemetco carries out research in many different fields, it can offer a broader range of backgrounds and expertise than most laboratories.

About American Manganese Inc.
American Manganese Inc. is a critical metal company with a patent approved process for the recovery of metals from lithium-ion batteries such as cobalt, lithium, nickel, manganese, and aluminum. Using a novel combination of reagents and unit operations, AMY can provide 100% extraction of cathode metals at battery grade purity. American Manganese Inc. aims to capitalize on its patent approved technology and proprietary know-how to become the industry leader in recycling spent electric vehicle lithium-ion batteries (Please see the Company’s Dec 14, 2018 Business Plan (“CBP”) for further details).

On behalf of Management

AMERICAN MANGANESE INC.

Larry W. Reaugh
President and Chief Executive Officer

American Manganese Inc. Commences Testing of Lithium-ion Battery Materials Recycling Pilot Plant

FEBRUARY 7, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

Successful Unit Operation Tests

Larry W. Reaugh, President and Chief Executive Officer of American Manganese Inc. (“American Manganese” or “AMY” or the “Company”), is pleased to announce that AMY’s processing partner, Kemetco Research, has commenced the processing of a select sample of cathode scrap material through Stages 1 and 2 of the Pilot Plant. The commencement of the pilot plant followed a HAZOP study and preliminary testing of all the unit operations in Stage 1 and Stage 2.

The complete five-stage Pilot Plant operation will progress as follows:

Stage 1 – Pre-treatment of cathode material

Stage 2 – Leach of active material

Stage 3 – Purification

Stage 4 – Recovery of base metals (e.g., nickel, cobalt, manganese)

Stage 5 – Lithium recovery and water recycle

“The commencement of the Pilot Plant operations marks a significant step in American Manganese’s quest to prove its patent-approved lithium-ion battery recycling technology.” said Mr. Norman Chow, President of Kemetco Research Inc.  “Kemetco is proud to partner with American Manganese in developing this innovative technology.”

“This is a great milestone for the Company as we work towards a complete lithium-ion battery recycling process. The Company is also anticipating an official U.S. Patent number for its recently approved patent application. The Company will continue to report on all future advancements,” said Mr. Reaugh.

About Kemetco Research Inc.
Kemetco Research is a private sector integrated science, technology and innovation company. Their Contract Sciences operation provides laboratory analysis and testing, field work, bench scale studies, pilot plant investigations, consulting services, applied research and development for both industry and government. Their clients range from start-up companies developing new technologies through to large multinational corporations with proven processes.

Kemetco provides scientific expertise in the fields of Specialty Analytical Chemistry, Chemical Process and Extractive Metallurgy. Because Kemetco carries out research in many different fields, it can offer a broader range of backgrounds and expertise than most laboratories.

About American Manganese Inc.
American Manganese Inc. is a critical metal company with a patent approved process for the recovery of metals from lithium-ion batteries such as cobalt, lithium, nickel, manganese, and aluminum. Using a novel combination of reagents and unit operations, AMY can provide 100% extraction of cathode metals at battery grade purity. American Manganese Inc. aims to capitalize on its patent approved technology and proprietary know-how to become the industry leader in recycling spent electric vehicle lithium-ion batteries (Please see the Company’s Dec 14, 2018 Business Plan (“CBP”) for further details).

On behalf of Management

AMERICAN MANGANESE INC.

Larry W. Reaugh
President and Chief Executive Officer

Disclosure from Dudley Pierce Baker, Editor, http://JuniorMiningNews.com and http://CommonStockWarrants.com.

“AMY is one of my top investment positions and I really like this developing story.”

American Manganese Inc. Pilot Plant Arrives at Kemetco Testing Facility


January 18, 2018
Press Release
J

Documentation and Fees Submitted for Formal Patent Issuance

Discussions with the U.S. Department of Energy and Defense

Larry W. Reaugh, President and Chief Executive Officer of American Manganese Inc. (“American Manganese” or “AMY” or the “Company”), is pleased to announce that Stages 1 and 2 of the Pilot Plant have arrived at the Kemetco Research facility in Richmond, Canada. Kemetco has begun configuration and commissioning in preparation for the processing of one metric tonne of pre-production cathode scrap material (500kg of NMC and 500kg of NCA). The Company continues to believe cathode scrap recycling represents a compelling near-term opportunity for its shareholders as well as for industry participants including lithium-ion battery manufacturers.

Additionally, the Company has completed documentation and submitted fees for the formal issuance of its U.S. Patent.  AMY expects to be issued a formal patent number within the next few weeks for its method of achieving 100% recovery of cobalt, nickel, manganese, lithium, and aluminum from lithium-ion battery cathode materials.

“As we begin our Pilot Plant testing, we are thrilled to see that the U.S. Department of Energy recognizes the importance of lithium-ion battery recycling technology”, said Mr. Reaugh. “We continue to hold discussions with the U.S. Department of Energy for our recycling technology as well as the U.S. Department of Defense for our initial patented process of low-grade manganese ore recovery – one of the 23 critical minerals listed in the U.S. Executive Order.”

About Kemetco Research Inc.
Kemetco Research is a private sector integrated science, technology and innovation company. Their Contract Sciences operation provides laboratory analysis and testing, field work, bench scale studies, pilot plant investigations, consulting services, applied research and development for both industry and government. Their clients range from start-up companies developing new technologies through to large multinational corporations with proven processes.

Kemetco provides scientific expertise in the fields of Specialty Analytical Chemistry, Chemical Process and Extractive Metallurgy. Because Kemetco carries out research in many different fields, it can offer a broader range of backgrounds and expertise than most laboratories.

About American Manganese Inc.
American Manganese Inc. is a critical metal company with a patent approved process for the recovery of metals from lithium-ion batteries such as cobalt, lithium, nickel, manganese, and aluminum. Using a novel combination of reagents and unit operations, AMY can provide 100% extraction of cathode metals at battery grade purity. American Manganese Inc. aims to capitalize on its patent approved technology and proprietary know-how to become the industry leader in recycling spent electric vehicle lithium-ion batteries (Please see the Company’s Dec 14, 2018 Business Plan (“CBP”) for further details).

On behalf of Management

AMERICAN MANGANESE INC.

Larry W. Reaugh
President and Chief Executive Officer

AMERICAN MANGANESE ACHIEVES SIGNIFICANT MILESTONE WITH LITHIUM-ION BATTERY RECYCLING PATENT

AMERICAN MANGANESE ACHIEVES SIGNIFICANT MILESTONE WITH LITHIUM-ION BATTERY
RECYCLING PATENT

U.S. PATENT OFFICE ISSUES NOTICE OF PATENT ALLOWANCE

December 14, 2018 - Surrey, BC

Larry W. Reaugh, President and Chief Executive Officer of American
Manganese Inc. (“American Manganese” or “AMY” or the “Company”), (TSX.V:
AMY | OTC US:  AMYZF | FSE:  2AM), is pleased to announce that the Company
has received the “Notice of Allowance” from the United States Patent and
Trade Mark Office for the Company’s lithium-ion battery recycling
technology.

The “Notice of Allowance” is formal notification indicating that the
examination of the invention has been completed by the US Patent and
Trademark Office and allowed for issuance as a patent.  The Company’s
attorney will be completing documentation and submitting fees for formal
issuance of the US Patent.  AMY CEO Larry W. Reaugh said, “Allowance of
this patent is a significant milestone for the Company as the invention is
now secured as a key asset that can be exclusively capitalized.”  The U.S.
Patent examiner deemed AMY’s technology is “novel” and “inventive” as it
enables the recycling of valuable cathode metals (namely cobalt, nickel,
manganese, aluminum and lithium) while converting these materials back to
fresh cathode materials for manufacture of new lithium-ion batteries.

“American Manganese recognized early on that significant growth in the
electric vehicle market will eventually lead to supply strains in materials
used to make lithium-ion batteries,” Mr. Reaugh noted, “and that effective
recycling of end of life lithium-ion batteries is a key aspect of achieving
a sustainable circular economy.”

According to Bloomberg New Energy Finance, forecasts show that electric
vehicle sales are “increasing from a record 1.1 million worldwide in 2017,
to 11 million in 2025 and then surging to 30 million in 2030” (see:
[1]Electric Vehicle Outlook).  In a Bloomberg Article dated December 4,
2018, “VW (Volkswagen) plans to launch fully or partly electric versions
across its lineup of more than 300 cars, vans, trucks and motorbikes by
2030”  (see:  [2]VW says the next generation of combustion cars will be its
last ). In a Reuters article dated December 11, 2018, “Daimler will buy
battery cells worth more than 20 billion euros ($23 billion) by 2030 as it
readies mass production of hybrid and electric vehicles” (see:  [3]Daimler
to buy $23 billion of battery cells for electric car drive )

With extensive experience in mining processes and technologies, American
Manganese contracted Kemetco Research to embark on a research program to
develop technology with the goal of capitalizing on the potential supply
strains of the metals used for manufacturing lithium-ion batteries, while
creating an important solution to the circular economy.

The Notice of Allowance of the US Patent is a significant milestone in
achieving this goal.  Key aspects described in the patent application are:
* Treatment of several cathode chemistries such as lithium cobalt oxide
(LCO), lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide (NMC) and lithium nickel
cobalt aluminum oxide (NCA).

* Methods for achieving 100% recoveries of cobalt, nickel, manganese,
aluminum for all cathode chemistries tested.

* Method for achieving 100% lithium recovery by a novel locked cycle
process.

AMY’s contractor, Kemetco Research, has been strategically focused on
developing AMY’s core technology into a highly efficient recycling process,
with plans to file for Continuing Patent Applications on work recently
completed that complements the current technology.  With the receipt of the
Notice of Allowance, AMY is ahead of known competitors in terms of IP
protection and positioned to lead the industry in electric vehicle battery
recycling.

[4]About Kemetco Research Inc.

Kemetco Research is a private sector integrated science, technology and
innovation company. Their Contract Sciences operation provides laboratory
analysis and testing, field work, bench scale studies, pilot plant
investigations, consulting services, applied research and development for
both industry and government. Their clients range from start-up companies
developing new technologies through to large multinational corporations
with proven processes.

Kemetco provides scientific expertise in the fields of Specialty Analytical
Chemistry, Chemical Process and Extractive Metallurgy. Because Kemetco
carries out research in many different fields, it can offer a broader range
of backgrounds and expertise than most laboratories.

[5]About American Manganese Inc.

American Manganese Inc. is a critical metal company with a patent-pending
process for the recovery of metals from lithium-ion batteries such as
cobalt, lithium, nickel, manganese, and aluminum. Using a novel combination
of reagents and unit operations, AMY can provide 100%

extraction of cathode metals at battery grade purity. American Manganese
Inc. aims to capitalize on its patent-pending technology and proprietary
know-how to become the industry leader in recycling spent electric vehicle
lithium-ion batteries ([6]Please see the Company's July 25, 2018 Business
Plan for further details).

On behalf of Management
AMERICAN MANGANESE INC.

Larry W. Reaugh
President and Chief Executive Officer

Information Contacts:
Larry W. Reaugh
President and Chief Executive Officer
Telephone:  778 574 4444
Email: lreaugh@amymn.com

www.americanmanganeseinc.com

[7]    [8]View the company’s Video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?reload=9&v=R48CDcZ72qs&feature=youtu.be

[9][21eed880cefa3cef3989ed384ec66201.jpeg]

[10]Check out our financing on the Stockhouse DealRoom

[11]https://americanmanganeseinc.com/deal-room

[12][2ee374dba9fa942ff5d63532425c90cc.jpeg]

[13]View Larry’s latest Interview with Steve Darling – ProActive Investors

[14]American Manganese gets[15] [16]patent [17]allowance, [18]signs MOU
with Battery Safety Solutions

[19]https://youtu.be/niRI-k1ChIY

Neither the TSX Venture Exchange nor its Regulation Services Provider (as
that term is defined in the policies of the TSX Venture Exchange) accepts
responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release.  This news
release may contain “forward-looking statements”, which are statements
about the future based on current expectations or beliefs.  For this
purpose, statements of historical fact may be deemed to be forward-looking
statements.  Forward-looking statements by their nature involve risks and
uncertainties, and there can be no assurance that such statements will
prove to be accurate or true.  Investors should not place undue reliance on
forward-looking statements.  The Company does not undertake any obligation
to update forward-looking statements except as required by law.

References

1. https://about.bnef.com/electric-vehicle-outlook/
2.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-12-04/vw-says-the-next-generation-of-combustion-cars-will-be-its-last
3. https://ca.reuters.com/article/technologyNews/idCAKBN1OA0OG-OCATC
4. http://www.kemetco.com/
5. https://www.amymn.com/
6.
https://americanmanganeseinc.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/AMY_Presentation_July_25_2018.pdf
7. https://www.youtube.com/watch?reload=9&v=R48CDcZ72qs&feature=youtu.be
8. https://www.youtube.com/watch?reload=9&v=R48CDcZ72qs&feature=youtu.be
9. https://americanmanganeseinc.com/deal-room
10. https://americanmanganeseinc.com/deal-room
11. https://americanmanganeseinc.com/deal-room
12. https://youtu.be/niRI-k1ChIY
13. https://youtu.be/niRI-k1ChIY
14. https://youtu.be/niRI-k1ChIY
15. https://youtu.be/niRI-k1ChIY
16. https://youtu.be/niRI-k1ChIY
17. https://youtu.be/niRI-k1ChIY
18. https://youtu.be/niRI-k1ChIY
19. https://youtu.be/niRI-k1ChIY

American Manganese Inc. Announces Publication of Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode Recycling Process Patent Pending

May 29, 2018 AMY Process Patent Still Under Patent Pending Protection in 152 Countries and Jurisdictions. American Manganese Inc. (TSX.V:  AMY; OTC-US:  AMYZF; FSE:  2AM), is pleased to announce that the Company’s U.S. patent application has been published on May 17, 2018 under publication no. WO2018/089595 and titled: PROCESS OF COBALTOUS SULPHATE/DITH-IONATE LIQUORS DERIVED FROM COBALT RESOURCE. The publication is available for viewing and downloading on WIPO’s website.  The pro-duct application discusses the Company’s hydrometallurgical process for the successful recycling and recovery of cathode materials such as: lithium, cobalt, nickel, manganese and aluminum from lithium ion batteries. “Publication of the patent process takes us away from the area of a ‘black box’ technology and now discloses the underlying process, which we believe will assist the Company in moving forward with potential partnerships”, says Larry W. Reaugh, C.E.O. With increasing metal prices, decreasing resource availability and environmental regulations becoming stricter, ownership of this intellectual property creates … Continue reading

How to Mine Cobalt Without Going to Congo

By Anna Hirtenstein November 30, 2017, 11:00 PM CST Recycling techniques can draw metal from lithium-ion batteries New source could meet 10% of car industry’s metal needs Why Electric Cars Aren’t Taking Over Yet Almost 9,000 miles from the dusty Congo savanna, miners have hit on an entirely new source of cobalt — the rare mineral at the heart of the electric-car boom. And not only can they take coffee breaks, when they take a break, they can grab a donut at Tim Hortons.Scientists working for American Manganese Inc., located in the suburbs of Vancouver, have developed a way to produce enough of the bluish-gray metal to power all the electric cars on the road today without drilling into the ground: by recycling faulty batteries. It’s one of many technologies that entrepreneurs are patenting to prepare for a time when electric cars outnumber polluting petrol engines, turning the entire automotive … Continue reading

How To Value A Patent: American Manganese (Recycling Lithium Ion Batteries)

 

 

By Dudley Pierce Baker
http://JuniorMiningNews.com
http://CommonStockWarrants.com

My article on American Manganese, AMYZF and TSXV:AMY has been posted on TalkMarkets.com.

I gave them an Exclusive and thus request that you visit the link below with my article on their website.

How To Value A Patent: American Manganese

TSXV:AMY – This Story Keeps Getting Better – Recycling Lithium Ion Batteries

      PCT International Patent Application Submitted For Lithium Ion Batteries Recycling Process and Recovery of Cathode Materials November 22, 2017 Larry W. Reaugh, President and Chief Executive Officer of American Manganese Inc., (TSX.V: AMY; Pink Sheets: AMYZF; Frankfurt: 2AM) (“AMI” or the “Company”) is pleased to report the Company has filed its Patent Co-operative Treaty (PCT) Patent Application on November 9, 2017. The PCT Application is a unified international patent application with 152 participating independent states and countries.  With the filing of the PCT Application, the Company’s proprietary technology becomes patent pending in these international jurisdictions. The PCT application is another important milestone as the company continues develop and assemble intellectually property assets to capitalize on its technology for recycling lithium ion batteries. A recent article published by Reuters, “Metal recyclers prepare for electric car revolution”, details the opportunity that exists for developing processes to extract metals from spent batteries … Continue reading